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轩宇艺术:【稀世珍宝】户部造光绪元宝、民国开国孙中山纪念币鉴赏

时间:2019-07-09 20:57:59 作者:国华收藏 来源:国华收藏

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  清末铜价剧涨,民间毁钱为铜,以获数倍之利,市面出现钱荒。为救钱荒,两广总督德寿与前总督李鸿章奏准广东仿香港铜仙铸造机制铜元,故清代机制铜元的铸造由广东伊始,继而福建、江苏、四川、湖北等省相继铸造铜元,在铜元正面上缘皆铸有其省名。

  In the late Qing Dynasty, the price of copper rose sharply, and the folks destroyed the money as copper. In order to obtain several times of profits, there was a shortage of money in the market. In order to save money, the Governor of Guangdong and Guangxi Deshou and the former Governor Li Hongzhang played the bronze medal of the Hong Kong Tongxian Casting Mechanism. Therefore, the casting of the Tongyuan mechanism in the Qing Dynasty was started in Guangdong, and successively minted in Fujian, Jiangsu, Sichuan and Hubei provinces. The upper edge of the copper element is cast with its provincial name.

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  户部造币厂是目前我国历史最悠久的造币厂,主要生产流通硬币、金银纪念币等。据记载,光绪二十二年,根据盛京将军依克唐阿的奏请,批准设立并筹建户部机器局以铸造机制银币,从德国进口锅炉和以蒸汽机为动力的铸币机器,于光绪二十三年(1897年)户部机器局正式建成。“户部制造银元总局”的前身,是“户部机器局”。光绪二十四年至二十六年(1898-1900年),曾先后附铸银币和机制铜钱。光绪二十六年(1900年)义和团运动爆发,户部机器局毁于战火,后来应市面之需,户部在机器局原址重建造币厂,名为“户部银元总局”,专产银币铜元。光绪二十九年七月(1903年),厂竣开工,铸发银币及铜元。

  The Ministry of Housing Mint is currently the oldest mint in China, mainly producing circulating coins, gold and silver commemorative coins. According to records, in the 22nd year of Guangxu, according to the invitation of General Sheng Jing, Ike Tanga, the establishment and establishment of the Ministry of Machinery and Equipment Bureau to cast the mechanism of silver coins, the import of boilers from Germany and the steam machine-powered coinage machine, Yu Guangxu In the thirteenth year (1897), the Ministry of Housing and Machinery Bureau was officially completed. The predecessor of the "Ministry of Construction of the Bank of China" is the "Housekeeping Machinery Bureau." In the twenty-fourth to twenty-sixth years of Guangxu (1898-1900), silver coins and mechanism copper coins were attached. In the twenty-sixth year of Guangxu (1900), the Boxer Movement broke out. The Hube Machinery Bureau was destroyed in the war. Later, in response to the needs of the market, the Ministry of Housing rebuilt the coin factory at the original site of the Machine Bureau. copper. In July of the twenty-ninth year of Guangxu (1903), the factory started construction and cast silver coins and copper coins.

  户部造光绪元宝,正面为“光绪元宝”,外缘上为满文及户部,下为库平一两。左右各饰一点。背面为飞龙图。该币是中国所有龙洋图案银元中,工艺最精湛,雕工最完美,浮雕感最强烈的品种,镜面平整光滑,纹饰的相惯线显得非常清晰,特别是户部一两完全是国外铸造的样币风格。作为准备流通的货币,其暗记防伪更是前无古人后无来者,无可匹敌,钱币表面的包浆醇厚,即便是对银元没有研究的外行也是爱不释手,极具观赏性。户部一两银币,楷书文字书法极为精湛、大气,间架结构平衡舒展,在龙洋里首屈一指。

  The Ministry of Commerce created the Guangxu Yuanbao, the front is the "Guangxu Yuanbao", the outer edge is Manchu and Hukou, and the lower is Kuping one or two. A little bit of decoration on the left and right. The back is a dragon figure. The coin is the most exquisite craftsmanship in China. It has the most exquisite craftsmanship, the most perfect carving, and the strongest embossing. The mirror surface is smooth and smooth, and the phase line of the ornamentation is very clear. Especially the households are completely foreign casting. The style of the sample currency. As a currency to be circulated, its anti-counterfeiting is unprecedented. It is unrivaled. The surface of the coin is rich in patina, and even the layman who has not studied the silver dollar is very addictive. One or two silver coins in the household, the calligraphy of the script is extremely exquisite, atmospheric, and the structure of the frame is balanced and stretched, which is second to none in Longyang.

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  中华民国开国纪念币是铜元收藏研究中数量很大,也是很重要的一个品类,甚至可以说是民国铜元的主体品种。1911年辛亥革命胜利后,清帝退位,中华民国成立。中国民主主义革命的先驱者孙中山就任中华民国临时大总统,并在颁布的“临时大总统令”中提出要“另刊新模,鼓铸纪念币”,随后武昌和南京两处造币厂率先铸行了“中华民国开国纪念币”铜元辅币,以十文面值的为主,在全国大量发行以取代清朝铜元。中华民国双旗开国纪念币十文顺势而生,带着民国时期鲜明的时代特征!

  The commemorative coin of the founding of the Republic of China is a large and important category in the study of the collection of copper coins. It can even be said to be the main species of the copper yuan of the Republic of China. After the victory of the 1911 Revolution, the Qing Emperor abdicated and the Republic of China was established. Sun Yat-sen, the pioneer of the Chinese democratic revolution, took office as the interim president of the Republic of China, and proposed in the "temporary presidential decree" that "a new model will be published and a commemorative coin will be produced". Then the two mints in Wuchang and Nanjing took the lead. The bronze coin of the "Republic of China Commemorative Coins" was cast, with a total of ten denominations, which was issued in large numbers in the country to replace the Qing Dynasty copper. The Republic of China double-flag commemorative coin ten texts came into being, with the distinctive characteristics of the times during the Republic of China!

  中华民国开国纪念币正面中央为孙中山侧面肖像,边缘内上镌中文隶书体“中华民国”4字、下镌“开国纪念币”5字、左右长枝花饰。背面中央为中文隶书体“壹圆”及嘉禾,边缘英文“中华民国”、“壹圆”,左右分列六角星。设计别致,纹饰考究,工艺精美,线条优雅,纹理细腻,浮雕感强烈,观之,极具美感,赏心悦目;抚之,清凉舒爽,心旷神怡!珠圈外铸有英文,可见该历史时期已对外开放,对促进全球经济发展有着重要的意义,不容小觑,历史价值深厚。

  The central part of the founding commemoration of the Republic of China is Sun Yat-sen's side portrait. On the edge, there is a Chinese-language literary text "Chinese Republic of China" 4 characters, a squat "opening commemorative coin" 5 characters, and a long-distance long-stem flower ornament. The center of the back is the Chinese literary body "Yuan Yuan" and Jiahe, the edge of the English "Republic of China", "Yuan Yuan", divided into six stars. The design is chic, the decoration is exquisite, the craft is exquisite, the lines are elegant, the texture is delicate, the relief is strong, the view is very beautiful, and the eyes are pleasing; the care, cool and refreshing, the heart is refreshing! The bead ring is cast in English, it can be seen that the historical period has been external Openness is of great significance to the promotion of global economic development. It should not be underestimated and has a profound historical value.

  此组钱币版面设计优雅,雕刻精良,铜币表面包浆自然,具有明显的使用痕迹,上面的锈迹即见证了其历史的积淀,有著难以言喻的收藏价值。古钱币在近两年的市场行情呈上升的趋势,此组钱币作为古钱币之中的精品,升值空间较大。而且至今仍保存完好,具有无法估量的学术与历史价值。

  The design of this group of coins is elegant and well-engraved. The surface of the copper coins is natural and has obvious traces of use. The rust on the surface witnesses the accumulation of its history and has an indescribable collection value. In the past two years, the market of ancient coins has shown an upward trend. This group of coins, as a boutique among the ancient coins, has a large appreciation space. It is still well preserved and has an invaluable academic and historical value.

  丰富艺术生活,传递艺术价值!如果您对这组户部造光绪元宝、民国开国孙中山纪念币感兴趣,欢迎联系轩宇(广州)艺术传媒有限公司!

  Enrich art life and deliver artistic value! If you are interested in this group of households creating Guangxu Yuanbao and the founding of Sun Yat-sen in the Republic of China, please contact Xuanyu (Guangzhou) Art Media Co., Ltd.!

  分享是一种美德,分享是一种快乐,学会分享,快乐他人!

  Sharing is a virtue, sharing is a pleasure, learning to share, happy others!

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  中国书画:历代著名画家及近现代名人绘画精品等;

  中国陶瓷:历代陶瓷精品等高端艺术品;

  翡翠玉器:明清玉、高古玉、近现代玉器、翡翠等;

  杂项精品:木雕、印章、奇石、文房用品、古籍善本等。

  轩宇(广州)艺术传媒有限公司

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