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轩宇艺术:稀世珍宝鎏金四面佛像鉴赏

时间:2019-07-09 21:16:41 作者:王凝 来源:国华娱乐网

佛像艺术的出现,是公元一、二世纪的事情。那是一种受到古希腊文化影响的、印度文化和西域文化相混合的「犍陀罗」文化的产物。

  The emergence of Buddha art is a matter of the first and second centuries. It is a product of the Gandhara culture, which is influenced by ancient Greek culture and mixed with Indian culture and Western culture.

  佛之形像。广义含菩萨、罗汉、明王、等像。其像虽有雕塑像、画像(绘像)二种,然仅雕塑像称佛像,画像则称图像。印度古代认为雕画佛像乃是冒渎神圣之事,故山琦(梵Sa^nchi^ )等之古雕刻,仅止于以佛法、菩提树、佛足迹等标记象征佛。其后,随大乘佛教之兴起,佛像之雕刻始盛行,故诸大乘经典中有甚多关于造像因缘及其功德之记载。

  The image of the Buddha. Generalized with Bodhisattva, Luohan, Ming Wang, and other images. Although there are two kinds of sculptures and portraits (paintings), only sculptures are called Buddha images, and portraits are called images. In ancient India, the painting of Buddha images was a sacred thing. Therefore, the ancient carvings such as Shanqi (Van Sa^nchi^) only symbolize the Buddha by means of Dharma, Bodhi, and Buddha footprints. Later, with the rise of Mahayana Buddhism, the carving of Buddha images began to prevail, so there are many records about the cause of avatar and its merits in the classics of the Mahayana.

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  佛像是造像数量最多的一类。包括释迦牟尼佛、强巴佛、无量寿佛等等。菩萨造像在佛教造像中,占有很大的比例。例如观音、文殊、普贤、地藏菩萨,他们的造像显得亲切、庄严,表现了慈祥、优美、宁静的审美情调。

  Buddha statues are the most numerous types of statues. Including Sakyamuni Buddha, Qiang Bafo, Wushou Buddha and so on. Bodhisattva statues account for a large proportion of Buddhist statues. For example, Guanyin, Manjusri, Puxian, and Tibetan Bodhisattva, their statues are kind and solemn, showing a kind, beautiful and quiet aesthetic.

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  四面佛,又称四面神,该佛有四尊佛面,东南西北四面都为同一面孔。此尊铜佛像品相完好,脸型方圆丰润,丰颐宽额,五官精致,双目传神,相容恬静,仪态庄严,眉弯与鼻胫相连。观音头戴化佛宝冠,发髻高耸,宝珠顶严,缯带上扬,佩戴圆形耳珰。体态清癯,佩饰璎珞钏环。双手均敷出莲花上缘至双肩,含苞待放;莲瓣修长挺拔,上下缘各饰一周连珠纹,佛陀造型匀称,线条生动。身体比例协调,造型优美。

  The four-faced Buddha, also known as the four-faced god, has four Buddha faces, and the same face is on all sides of the southeast and northwest. This bronze statue of Buddha statue is in good condition, the face is round and rich, rich and generous, and the facial features are exquisite, the eyes are vivid, the compatibility is quiet, the manner is solemn, and the eyebrows are connected with the nose. The Guanyin head wears a Buddha crown, and the hair is towering, the pearl is strict, the belt is raised, and the round deafness is worn. The body is clear, and the ring is decorated. Both hands are applied to the upper edge of the lotus to the shoulders, which are to be placed; the lotus petals are slender and straight, and the upper and lower edges are decorated with a bead pattern for a week. The Buddha's shape is well-proportioned and the lines are vivid. The body proportions are coordinated and beautifully shaped.

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  佛像中有一种鎏金工艺,多用于铜造像,俗称“铜鎏金佛像”。这种佛像是供宫廷、寺庙、使用;它的出现始于两汉,盛行于隋唐,延续至明清,常见的有释迦牟尼、观音、文殊、普贤、天王、母度等。铜鎏金坐莲佛像,此尊佛像铜质,通体鎏金。此尊护法站立于莲花宝座上,整器做工精细,鎏金盈润。在佛教中,护法神不但守护宗教与神佛,也守护寺庙、僧人,更加会守护信徒,保障信徒的吉祥、平安。整件作品造型端庄正气,鎏金饱满,纹饰奢华精美,刻画细腻,权衡合度,显示出佛法无穷的威力,给人以端庄稳重之感,铸造与鎏金工艺精湛,堪称佛造像中之精品。是不可多得的佛教艺术造像,具有相当高的收藏价值。

  There is a gold-plated craft in the Buddha statue, which is mostly used for bronze statues. It is commonly known as the "Bronze Golden Buddha Image". This kind of Buddha statue is for the court, temple, and use; its appearance began in the Han Dynasty, prevailed in the Sui and Tang Dynasties, and continued to the Ming and Qing Dynasties. Commonly there are Sakyamuni, Guanyin, Manjusri, Puxian, Heavenly King, and Motherhood. The bronze gilt is sitting on a lotus statue. This statue of Buddha is bronze and has a gold body. This Guardian Law stands on the throne of the lotus, and the whole workmanship is fine, and the work is fine. In Buddhism, the guardian of the law not only protects the religion and the gods, but also guards the temples and monks, and will protect the believers and protect the good fortune and peace of the believers. The whole work is dignified and sturdy, full of gold, delicate and exquisite, delicate and meticulous, showing the infinite power of Dharma, giving people a sense of dignity and stability, casting and sheet metal craftsmanship, can be called the finest in Buddha statues. . It is a rare Buddhist art statue with a high collection value.

  丰富艺术生活,传递艺术价值!如果您对这尊鎏金四面佛像感兴趣,欢迎联系轩宇(广州)艺术传媒有限公司!

  Enrich art life and deliver artistic value! If you are interested in this statue of Buddha, you are welcome to contact Xuanyu (Guangzhou) Art Media Co., Ltd.!

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  中国书画:历代著名画家及近现代名人绘画精品等;

  中国陶瓷:历代陶瓷精品等高端艺术品;

  翡翠玉器:明清玉、高古玉、近现代玉器、翡翠等;

  杂项精品:木雕、印章、奇石、文房用品、古籍善本等。

  轩宇(广州)艺术传媒有限公司

  联系地址:广州市天河区珠江新城华夏路30号富力盈通大厦808

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